Syngas is a collection of gases including hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide and is conceptually similar to natural gas; syngas can be combusted in a gas turbine engine to produce electricity.
The main targeted uses of Carbonscape syngas are as an alternative fuel as well as a component for the chemical process industry. The market for syngas as a process component is worth in excess of US$210m in the USA and Europe. As an alternative fuel, the total combined value of the USA and a European market is over US$400m.
Syngas only has 50% of the energy density of natural gas. As a result of the lower energy density, syngas is mostly suited for use in the production of transportation fuels and other chemical products. Syngas can be utilised as a basic chemical building block for use in the petrochemical and refining industries.
In its purified state, the hydrogen component of syngas can be used to directly power hydrogen fuel cells for electricity generation and fuel cell electric vehicle propulsion. In addition to using syngas to directly manufacture products, each individual component of syngas can be isolated and/or purified for other uses or disposal as follows:
- Hydrogen – electricity generation and transportation fuels
- Nitrogen – fertilizers and pressurizing agents
- Ammonia – fertilizers
- Carbon Monoxide – chemical industry feedstock and fuels
- Carbon Dioxide – injected into sequestration wells
- Steam – turbine drivers for electricity generation
- Minerals and Solids – slag for roadbeds
- Sulphur – elemental sulphur for the chemical industry