Activated carbon is used to purify liquids and gases in a wide range of applications, including drinking water treatment, food & beverage and pharmaceuticals processing, odour removal and industrial pollution control. Activated carbon is also used to remove mercury from coal-fired power station exhausts and in electric vehicle emission canisters.
Activated carbon has a very large surface area per unit volume, and a network of submicroscopic pores where adsorption takes place. Activated carbon is produced from carbonaceous source materials such as coal, coconut shells, peat, wood, and lignite. The production of activated carbon involves thermal decomposition, combined with physical and/or chemical modification. CarbonScape has developed a rapid, ecologically friendly activated carbon production process using sustainable waste biomass such as sawdust.
The global AC market projected to reach USD 8.1 b by 2021 at CAGR of 9.4%. The market projected to grow at CAGR of 8.4% to reach 3.9 million tonnes by 2021.